The Automated Transfer Vehicle, originally Ariane Transfer Vehicle or ATV – it’s automatic cargo carrying vehicle - something between a space rocket and a truck.
The ATV designed for delivery of fuel, food, scientific equipment, water and air to the International Space Station (ISS). ATV also performs the functions of a tractor, adjusting the orbit in case of necessity.
The first ATV was named after the author Jules Verne. After construction the ATV was moved from the European Space Research and Technology Centre in Noordwijk, the Netherlands to the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana. After its launch was postponed several times, on March 9, 2008, it left with a cargo into space orbit. As it was a test route it was not heavily loaded - only five tons of cargo. The truck docked with the Russian ISS in automatic mode and after delivery of the cargo sank in the Pacific Ocean east of New Zealand.